Question : CREATION OF EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES



(a) whether the Government proposes to tackle the problem of unemployment by creating about 5 crore employment opportunities during the Tenth Plan both in organized and unorganized sectors with special emphasis on labour intensive sectors;

(b) if so, the number of employment opportunities created after launching the Tenth Five Year Plan, till date, State-wise; and

(c) the further steps proposed to be taken to achieve the target?

Answer given by the minister


MINISTER OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT (SHRI K.CHANDRASEKHAR RAO)

(a to c) A statement is laid on the Table of the House.

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 208 BY SHRI BIR SINGH MAHATO AND SHRI HARIKEWAL PRASAD, REGARDING CREATION OF EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR REPLY ON 06.03.2006.

(a) Yes, Sir. Tenth Plan document has identified the employment potential in various labour intensive sectors. Details are given in the Annexure. Out of the total outlay of Rs.1525639.00 crore for the Tenth Plan in Central, State and Union Territory an amount of Rs.1084259.22 crore were allotted in various sectors like Agriculture, Transport, Irrigation, Small Scale Industries, Education, Health, Housing during 2002-03 to 2005-06. This has stimulated growth and employment generation.

(b) and (c) Reliable estimates of employment and unemployment are obtained through the quinquennial labour force surveys carried out by National Sample Survey Organisation. Last such survey for which the results have been published relates to the year 1999-2000. The field survey for the year 2004-05 has been completed and results are yet to be published. As such, no direct indicators are available to assess the employment creation till date during the Tenth Plan. However, as per the estimates made by the Planning Commission, while carrying out Mid Term Appraisal around 70 lakh employment opportunities per year on an average were created during the first three years of the Tenth Plan i.e. during 2002-03 to 2004-05. Reliable assessment of the actual employment generated can be made only after the results of the 2004-05 survey are published by the National Sample Survey Organisation.

ANNEXURE

ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (A) OF THE LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NUMBER 208 FOR 06-03-2006.


ESTIMATED JOB POTENTIAL IN DIFFERENT SECTORS


Sectors/Programmes Total Additional Total job opportunities (in created over the lakhs) 10th Plan (in lakhs) Growth based Programme based
Agriculture Including National Watershed 4.1 90.6 94.7 Development Project for Rainfed Areas (NSDRPA), Farm Management programme, Agro Clinics, Greening India Programme, Watershed and Wasteland Development, Medicinal Plant, Bamboo Development and Energy Plantation like Ethanol etc. Mining & Minerals -2.0 -2.1 Manufacturing (Excl. Prime Minister’s Rozgar 14.2(large 14.2 Yojana (PMRY) & Rural Employment Generation manufacturer) Programme (REGP) 60.0(SSI) 60.0 Electricity, Gas & Water -2.1 -2.1 Construction 63.0 63.0 Trade, Hotels & Restaurants 112.3 112.3 Transport, Storage & Communications 55.1 55.1 Financial Sector 19.3 19.3 Community Sector -27.1 32.0 4.9
Special Programmes Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) (SSI) 22.0 22.0 & REGP (KVIC) 20.0 20.0 Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana 12.9 12.9 (SGRY) Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana 7.7 7.7 (PMGSY) & Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar 8.0 8.0 Yojana (SGSY) Total 296.8 193.2 490.0

Note: Totals may not tally due to rounding off.