Question : BANNED PESTICIDES



(a) whether some pesticides which are banned in various countries of the world because of their dangerous effects, continue to be manufactured and used in the country;

(b) if so, whether the Government is planning to ban or phase out about 38 pesticides as they are a risk to human beings and animals; and

(c) if so, the details thereof?

Answer given by the minister


MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE (SHRI SHARAD PAWAR)

(a) to (c): A statement is laid on the Table of the House.

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) TO (c) OF LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 433 DUE FOR REPLY ON 15TH MAY, 2006.

(a) to (c): The Registration Committee, constituted under the Insecticides Act, 1968, registers pesticides for use in the country only after satisfying itself regarding their efficacy and safety. 69 pesticides which are banned/restricted in other countries are allowed to be manufactured, imported and used in the country. The use of 33 of these pesticides has been allowed to be continued as per the recommendations of Expert Groups and the Registration Committee following their thorough review (Annex-I). The remaining 36 pesticides, as well as Monocrotophos, which was also reviewed earlier have been identified for review of their toxicity, persistence, safety etc. by an Expert Group in order to decide upon their continued use or restricted use or phasing out (Annex-II).

Annexure-I

LIST OF PESTICIDES WHICH HAVE BEEN BANNED/SEVERELY RESTRICTED IN SOME COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD BUT ARE STILL BEING USED IN INDIA, ITS REVIEW STATUS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.

S.No.	Name of the		Reviewed by Expert	Recommendations 
	product	 		Committee/		of the Expert
				Registration	 	Group/
				Committee		Registration
							Committee

1 2,4-D Reviewed Use to be continued 2 Acephate Under Review - 3 Alachlor Reviewed Use to be continued 4 Aluminium Phosphate Reviewed To be permitted for restricted use 5 Atrazine Under Review - 6 Benfuracarb# Under Review - 7 Benomyl Reviewed Use to be continued 8 Bifebthrin Under Review - 9 Butachlor Under Review - 10 Captan Reviewed Use to be continued 11 Carbaryl Reviewed Use to be continued 12 Carbendazim Under Review - 13 Carbofuran Reviewed Use to be continued 14 Cabbosulfan Under Review - 15 Chlorfenvinphos Under Review - 16 Chlorothalonil Under Review - 17 Chlorpyriphos Reviewed Use to be continued 18 Dalapon Under Review - 19 Dazomet Under Review - 20 DDT Reviewed To be permitted for restricted use 21 Delltamethrin Under Review - 22 Diazinon Under Review - 23 Dichlorovos Under Review - 24 Dicofol Reviewed Use to be continued 25 Diflubenzuron Under Review - 26 Dimethoate Reviewed Use to be continued 27 Dinocap Under Review - 28 Diuron Reviewed Use to be continued 29 Endosulfan Reviewed Use to be continued 30 Ethofenprox Under Review - 31 Fenarimol Reviewed Use to be continued 32 Fenitrothion Under Review - 33 Fenpropathrin Under Review - 34 Fenthion Under Review - 35 Iprodione Under Review - 36 Kasugamycin Under Review - 37 Lindane Reviewed To be permitted for restricted use 38 Linuron Under Review - 39 Malathion Reviewed Use to be continued 40 Manocozeb Under Review - 41 Mepiquat Chloride Under Review - 42 Metaldehyde Under Review - 43 Methomyl Reviewed Use to be continued 44 Methoxy Ethyl Reviewed To be permitted for restricted use Mercury Chloride 45 Methyl parathion Reviewed To be permitted for restricted use 46 Metoxuron Under Review - 47 Monocrotophos Reviewed To be permitted for restricted use 48 Oxyfluorfen Reviewed Use to be continued 49 Paraquat Dichloride Reviewed Use to be continued 50 Pendimethalin Under Review - 51 Phorate Reviewed Use to be continued 52 Phosphamidon Reviewed Use to be continued 53 Pretilachlor Reviewed Use to be continued 54 Propargite Under Review - 55 Propineb Under Review - 56 Quinalphos Under Review - 57 Simazine Under Review - 58 Sodium cyanide Reviewed To be permitted for restricted use 59 Thiodicarb Under Review - 60 Thiometon Reviewed Use to be continued 61 Thiophanate methyl Under Review - 62 Thiram Reviewed Use to be continued 63 Triazophos Reviewed Use to be continued 64 Trichlorfon Under Review - 65 Tridemorph Reviewed Use to be continued 66 Trifluralin Under Review - 67 Zinc phosphide Reviewed Use to be continued 68 Zineb Reviewed Use to be continued 69 Ziram Reviewed Use to be continued
The status is updated with reference to UN Publication entitled `Consolidated List of Products Whose Consumption and/or Sale, have been Banned, Withdrawn, Severely Restricted or Not approved by Governments`, 7th Issue, 2002.

Annexure-II
S.No.	Name of the Pesticide	Consumption (M.T)
				Tech. Grade Year 2003-04

1 Monocrotophos 3115# 2 Mancozeb 2615# 3 Quinalphos 1650# 4 Butachlor 1520# 5 Diclorvos (DDVP) 818# 6 Acephate 440# 7 Fenitrothion 412# 8 Carbendazim 400# 9 Atrazine 315# 10 Pendimethalin 140# 11 Deltamethrin (Decamethrin) 83$ 12 Fenthlon 62$ 13 Simazine 45$ 14 Metaldehyde 42$ 1999-2000 15 Diazinon 40$ 16 Carbosulfan 35$ 17 Chlorothalonil 35$ 1999-2000 18 Dalapon 17$ 19 Thiophanate-methyl 15$ 20 Dinocap 13$ 21 Ethofenprox (etofenprox)11$ 22 Methozuron 10$ 23 Trifluralin 10$ 24 Chlorofenvinphos 8@ 25 Fenpropathrin 0@ 26 Iprodlone 0@ 27 Benfuracarb Data Not Available@ 28 Bifenthrin Data Not Available@ 29 Dazomet Data Not Available@ 30 Diflubenzuron Data Not Available@ 31 Kasugamyzin Data Not Available@ 32 Linuron Data Not Available@ 33 Meplquate Chloride Data Not Available@ 34 Propergite Data Not Available@ 35 Propineb Data Not Available@ 36 Thiodicarb Data Not Available@ 37 Trichlorofon Data Not Available@

# Proposed to be reviewed in the first phase.
$ Proposed to be reviewed in the second phase
@ Proposed to be reviewed in the third phase.