Question : Skill Development

(a) the present number of skilled persons vis-a-vis the target for 2020 covering all categories of skills vis-a-vis the estimated requirement assuming a normative annual economic growth of 8%;

(b) the progress of implementation of the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 towards linking skilling and demand centres, with latest details of such linking achieved, indicating the skill areas and number of centres set up in the country with State-wise data for North Eastern Region;

(c) the details of action taken with special focus for inclusion of people of under-represented North Eastern Region in terms of para 5.5 of the National Policy;

(d) whether the Government has been able to achieve a co-relation between locally available resources and skill needs for their value addition in local contexts and concomitant skill building for harmonious economic growth; and

(e) if so, whether the Government has been able to set up a monitorable framework to ensure that industry undertakes skill development to the extent of 2% of its payroll bill as per norms of the said policy and if so, the details thereof?

Answer given by the minister

(a) to (e) There are more than 40 schemes in 20 different Ministries which provide a variety of skill development training programmes. The multiple schemes under different Ministries have their own guidelines and there is no centralized record of all different programmes under different Ministries. This Ministry is implementing the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) under which a large number of youths are mobilized for taking up skill training [fresh training as well as Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)] to become employable and earn their livelihood. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (2016-2020), the flagship outcome-based Skill Training Scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has been approved by the Union Cabinet with an outlay of Rs.12000 crore to impart skilling to one crore people over four years (2016-2020). Under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) including first phase, of this Ministry, 20,69,871 candidates have been trained throughout the country till 22.03.2017.

To promote inclusivity, training centres under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) and Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) scheme are being promoted across the country including the Northeast region. During Financial Year 2015-16, under PMKVY 56,258 candidates were trained from Northeast region. Under PMKVY (2016-20), Short Term training targets of 23,064 have been allocated to 70 PMKVY (2016-20) centres in sectors such as Apparel, Telecom, Retail, Beauty & Wellness, Power, Tourism and Hospitality, Food Processing, IT-ITeS, Handicraft, Electronics, Retail, Automotive, Construction, Agriculture, Healthcare. The State-wise number of centres in the North Eastern Regions are as under:

State No. of PMKVY (2016-20) Training Centres
Assam 47
Manipur 4
Meghalaya 5
Nagaland 5
Tripura 7
Sikkim 2
Total 70

Further, under PMKK, the Government intends to promote a visible aspirational model training centres in every district of the country, covering each of the Parliamentary constituencies. 27 districts of Northeast region have been allocated PMKK centres till 24.03.2017. These centres have been operationalized in Dimapur, Baksa, Kamrup (M), Ri Bhoi, East Khasi Hills, Morigaon and Sonitpur, West Tripura, Gomati and Biswanath Chariali.

To encourage entrepreneurship among under-represented groups, in terms of para 5.5 of the National Policy, MSDE has recently launched the first scheme on entrepreneurship education and training called ‘Pradhan Mantri YUVA’ Yojana (PM-YUVA) on 09.11.2016. The duration of the scheme is five years (2016-17 to 2020-21) with project cost of Rs. 499.94 crore. Entrepreneurship Education and Training will be provided to youngsters through 2200 Institutes of Higher Learning (IHL), 300 schools, 500 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and 50 Entrepreneurship Development Centers (EDCs) including students from North Eastern Regions. PM-YUVA will be implemented through a system of Entrepreneurship Resource and Coordination Hubs, namely, National E-hub, 6 Regional E-hub, 50 Nodal E-hubs and E-hubs (IHL, schools, ITIs and EDCs). Nodal E-Hubs would be created in NER for this purpose. It is expected to provide entrepreneurship education and training to over 14.5 lakh students in 5 years including the young students of NER.

The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under MSDE is building research base in the skill domain and has commissioned several district level and sectoral level skill gap studies.

A dedicated Corporate Engagement unit has been set-up in National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) to enhance private sector contribution through CSR funds. Various partnership models have been evolved basis discussions with industry during the 1st National Industry Conclave on Skills held in Mumbai. An Industry Partnership brochure was launched in June, 2016 and subsequently MOUs have been signed with various private sector entities. All data captured under these projects is consolidated through the SDMS system with appropriate coding (“CSR”) for tracking and reporting.

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