(a) whether a large number of people are moving towards cities and towns from rural areas;

(b) if so, the details thereof along with the percentage of rise in urban population in comparison to other developing countries;

(c) whether the Government has any policy for providing housing/basic facilities and employment to the migrated population and if so, the details thereof;

(d) whether the Government proposes to check the influx of people to the cities and towns including Delhi; and

(e) if so, the details thereof?

Answer given by the minister


(a) & (b): The population of cities has been growing on account of several factors including migration from rural to urban areas. The information on migration has not been published by Census of India for Census 2011. The percentage of people living in urban areas in India has increased from 27.8% in 2001 to 31.16% in 2011. During the corresponding period, the change in level of urbanization, as per the United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects, The 2011 Revision, in some developing countries is given below:-

S.No. Name of Country Percentage Urban Population 2001 2011 1. India 27.8 31.16 2 Pakistan 33.1 36.2 3 Srilanka 15.7 15.1 4 Bangladesh 23.6 28.4 5 Ethiopia 14.7 17.0 6 Kenya 19.9 24.0 7 Madagascar 27.1 32.0 8 Rwanda 13.8 19.0 9 Uganda 12.1 15.0 10 Zimbabwe 33.8 39.0 11 Cambodia 18.6 20.0 12 Myanmar 27.2 32.0 13 Vietnam 24.4 31.0

(c): The Government of India supports development of towns through the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) which was launched in 2005-06 and seeks to improve urban infrastructure, housing, transport and urban basic services. The JNNURM comprises sub-Mission-I on Urban Infrastructure and Governance and sub-Mission-II on Basic Service for Urban Poor and covers 65 identified towns apart from Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) which covers other towns.

(d) & (e): It is not the policy of Government to either check or facilitate migration to the cities as the process of migration is driven by demographic and economic factors and distortions in the process may have undesirable consequences on economic growth and development.