HIV estimate for 2004 shows slower spread of the disease
28,000 ADDED INFECTIONS IN 2004 AS AGAINST 5.2 LAKH ADDED INFECTIONS IN 2003
The estimated number of HIV infections
for the year 2004 stood at 5.134 million up from 5.106 million in 2003. In terms of prevalence percentage, India
continues to stand second next to South Africa which has 5.3 million HIV
infections. These estimates were
released at a crowded press conference here today by the Union Health and
Family Welfare Minister, Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss.
In comparison to 2003 estimates, there
has been an additional 28,000 infections in 2004 as compared to 5.2 lakh
additional infections in 2003.
As per the estimates released today,
the trends show that there is no galloping HIV epidemic in India as a whole, as
no evidence of upsurge in HIV prevalence has been observed in the country. However, there are sub-national epidemics in
various parts of the country with evidence of high prevalence of HIV among both
STD clinic attendees and antenatal clinic attendees. The HIV prevalence has seen a significantly increasing trend
among STD clinic attendees in 16 sites and among antenatal clinic attendees in
7 sites located in States of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat,
Pondicherry, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh,
Kerala, Orissa, Goa and Manipur etc.
India remains a low prevalence country
with overall HIV prevalence of 0.91% i.e. less than 1% of the population.
As far as Tamil Nadu is concerned,
there are early signs of sero-stabilization.
Tamil Nadu was a high prevalence state and hence there is no scope of
complacency as the coverage of the target population is still less than full
and certain sections of the population such as core risk groups, migraines and
young people need to be adequately addressed.
As regards the estimation process, the
National AIDS Control Organisation involved two independent institutions. These institutes include Institute of
Research in Medical Statistics (IRMS), New Delhi and National Institute of
Health and Family Welfare (NIHFW), New Delhi.
To ensure independence and objectivity, the whole exercise has been done
as per laid down procedure and guidelines of WHO and UNAIDS.
Before finalizing the HIV estimate and
results of the data analysis several steps have been followed to ensure independent
The assumptions used
for sex and urban-rural differential and STD prevalence had been corroborated
in 2003 and the suggestions were to continue the new assumptions till the
time when fresh evidence of deviation is available.
of the data is carried out independently at two above-mentioned professional
institutions, to minimize the error.
ICMR convened a series
of meetings with a group of experts consisting of eminent Epidemiologists,
Biostatisticians, Demographers and experts from international organizations
such as WHO, UNAIDS etc.
A core committee set
by DG, ICMR reviewed them in details before finalisation of estimates.
(Release ID :9479)
(This is an archive of the press release and has not been edited by our staff.)